,�G��u�@�_�س���Z��{9��mmm]�}b��N�q5���q�� So both a problem and a solution. The argument goes: religion is intolerant and divisive, thus promoting violence and being at the root of most wars/conflicts in history, and should, accordingly, be dismissed in the name of peace and societal progress. Why do many intrafaith boundaries cause less trouble? #mbi_frontiers, The Election, COVID, Racism, and the Constructive Conflict Initiative, http://www.usip.org/religionpeace/rehr/belethnat.html, http://www.usip.org/pubs/specialreports/sr99.pdf, http://www.beyondintractability.org/essay/religion-and-conflict, Frontiers Seminar: Authoritarian Populism. [3] R. Scott Appleby, "Religion, Conflict Transformation, and Peacebuilding," in Turbulent Peace: The Challenges of Managing International Conflict, eds, Chester A. Crocker, Fen Osler Hampson, and Pamela Aall (Washington DC: USIP Press, 2001). Her book ‘Believing in Belonging: Belief and Social Identity in the Modern World’, OUP 2013 [2011] explores religion in the public sphere. These needs seem to be universal to all cultures and time periods. Information about interesting conflict and peacebuilding efforts. u�N��O��~zW��pD5T ~���B��DՎ�Jd�@��o�M����BΕ����"��;u#M�"Q����G�]#�&����9��'1�c�̸��21��R���*�hnUS�"�F�+9�RK� Faith. endobj Where silence and misunderstanding are all too common, learning about other religions would be a powerful step forward. The Christian Right, for example, has a strong influence on the current administration. Therefore, in part, the solution is to promote a heightened awareness of the positive peace building and reconciliatory role religion has played in many conflict situations. Some of the major festivals and holidays o… H��UKO�@��W�qW���ul�B���b����&q��4q�����:���C��y|�\d^p������4��],.�.��2`W�^�edO��)=C6>� This aspect of religion and conflict is discussed in the parallel essay on religion and peace. Links to thought-provoking articles exploring the larger, societal dimension of intractability. Often, historic grievances are recast as being the responsibility of the current enemy. Where is the most contested religious site in the world located? Similarly, a group may seek to deny other religions the opportunity to practice their faith. Radical Jewish cells in Israel and Hindu nationalists and Sikh extremists in India are other examples of fundamentalist movements driven by perceived threat to the faith. Conflict over abortion and the teaching of evolution in schools are but two examples of issues where some groups feel religious tradition has been abandoned. At this stage in a conflict, grievances, goals, and methods often change in such a way so as to make the conflict more difficult to resolve. Religious revivalism is powerful in that it can provide a sense of pride and purpose, but in places such as Sri Lanka and Sudan it has produced a strong form of illiberal nationalism that has periodically led to intolerance and discrimination. The Religious Freedom Restoration Act garnered a unanimous vote in the House … We have a need to feel connected to something greater than ourselves. Guy Burgess and Heidi Burgess. If the world is a struggle between good and evil, it is hard to justify compromising with the devil. 2015-03-18T09:44:25-05:00 Religious wars can often be tied to other reasons for conflict, such as nationalism or revenge for a perceived historical slight in the past. #mbi_cci, A series of video lectures that apply Massively Parallel Peacebuilding to the interrelated challenges of populism and rising authoritarianism. Adobe PDF Library 11.0; modified using iText 5.0.4 (c) 1T3XT BVBA As was pointed out in the Symposium panel discussion, talks don’t always extend to the streets, and this disconnect has allowed many conflicts to continue even when leaders have reconciled. In general, wars past and present do not usually have religion as the primary motivator, academics say. However, with the change of time there are new challenges and a religion has to respond them for its survival. Religious extremists can contribute to conflict escalation. A monotheistic religion, the most prominent movement Rabbian Judaism follows is the written and oral Torah. The liberal underpinning of Western culture is also threatening to tradition in prioritizing the individual over the group, and by questioning the appropriate role for women in society. Communicating in a spirit of humility and engaging in self-criticism would also be helpful.[4]. Why are there so many conflicts over this particular site? Although not necessarily so, there are some aspects of religion that make it susceptible to being a latent source of conflict. Where eternal salvation is at stake, compromise can be difficult at or even sinful. Antony Loewenstein (Judaism) Alain de Botton, philosopher and author of Religion for Atheists, is … [2] David Little, "Religious Militancy," in Managing Global Chaos, eds, Chester A. Crocker, Fen Osler Hampson, and Pamela Aall (Washington DC: USIP Press, 1996). Image credit: Silke Remmery CC … Interfaith dialogue would be beneficial at all levels of religious hierarchies and across all segments of religious communities. Report Post. Our inability to constructively handle intractable conflict is the most serious, and the most neglected, problem facing humanity. At the same time, scripture and dogma are often vague and open to interpretation. This can lead to inflexibility and intolerance in the face of other beliefs. Marx argued that the bourgeoise used religion as a … Conflict Information Consortium, University of Colorado, Boulder. 1. Fundamentalists of any religion tend to take a Manichean view of the world. This excessive emphasis on the negative side of religion and the actions of religious extremists generates interfaith fear and hostility. Hizbullah in Lebanon and Hamas in Palestine have engaged in violence, but they also gained supporters through social service work when the government is perceived as doing little for the population. Suppression of Christianity in China and the Sudan are but two contemporary examples. The tendency to carelessly throw around the terms ‘fundamentalist' and ‘extremist' masks significant differences in beliefs, goals, and tactics. The Beyond Intractability Knowledge Base Project Guy Burgess and Heidi Burgess, Co-Directors and Editors  Religion plays an important role in many conflicts. Posted: November 2005 . All religions have their accepted dogma, or articles of belief, that followers must accept without question. More generally, fighting ignorance can go a long way. After all, if it is the word of God, how can one compromise it? Religion is Resignation: Philosophy is Active. Educators Brahm, Eric. �����XT-y퉤�Sa���ʴ��dp���Zx#S�ٱ��m��u�y^�%��Mr-��ס>�d�^�G&�9�ט�eDQ��f?��Y���pZؚu!�>͏y���J2��O�J��@�0����IDML���ޤ��ΚfTp������ۿ���I�y��q�Hb�0R����꥘��d���]�n/5�4�F�[����Kǒ���ɼ�O�/. Once martyrs have been sacrificed, it becomes increasingly difficult to compromise because their lives will seem to have been lost in vain (see the essay on entrapment* for more on this problem). Religious nationalists too can produce extremist sentiment. A few people have done this for wars through the ages, and each of them have found that religion was a major cause in only about 10% of wars. The Election, COVID, Racism, and the Constructive Conflict Initiative Discuss the rise of religious fundamentalism. 0. An employee suffers from motivational conflict when the desire to act conflicts with some other emotion or motivation. In part, this is out of a desire to minimize beliefs the dominant group feels to be inferior or dangerous. %PDF-1.5 13. A common misperception of Christianity and religion is the claim that most violence and war is caused by religious belief/intolerance. More... Get the NewsletterCheck Out Our Quick Start Guide. They can lie dormant for decades, only to re-emerge in a flash at a later date. And in every culture people have attempted to use religion to meet their spiritual needs. Consider a low-cost BI-based custom text. The global media has paid significant attention to religion and conflict, but not the ways in which religion has played a powerful peacemaking role. Beyond Intractability. Interfaith dialogue, discussed further below, can increase understanding. "Religion and Conflict." This shows that Philosophy and Religion can and have worked as one however many thinkers challenged their own faith. Many say the etymology of religion lies with the Latin word religare, which means "to tie, to bind. Religion is not necessarily conflictual but, as with ethnicity or race, religion serves, as a way to distinguish one's self and one's group from the other. It has become a powerful vehicle for dissent and these ideologies should not be dismissed as risible. For example, the effort to impose Christianity on subject peoples was an important part of the conflict surrounding European colonization. I n November of 1993, members of the U.S. Congress did something that today seems almost inconceivable: they reached near-unanimous agreement on a pressing political question—and not just any question, but a fundamental question concerning the proper parameters of the separation of church and state. 4 0 obj Practical things we can all do to limit the destructive conflicts threatening our future. Is it confined to one religion or many? By Deidre McPhillips Data Editor Jan. 23, 2018, at 12:01 a.m. 15. These acts shatter steel, but they cannot dent the steel of American resolve.” –George W. Bush Address to the US after hijack attacks on the US World Trade Centre and Pentagon, September 11, 2001 All religions have their accepted dogma, or articles of belief, that followers must accept without question. Beyond Intractability / CRInfo Usually we think of places such as the Middle East or Ireland when the topic of conflict arises but there is much more. UCB580, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, 80309, USAContact Form, Given the difficulty of the conflict problems we face, it's clear that there is not going to be a quick solution. From the Latin religio (respect for what is sacred) and religare (to bind, in the sense of an obligation), the term religion describes various systems of belief and practice that define what people consider to be sacred or spiritual (Fasching and deChant 2001; Durkheim 1915). It does so by misunderstanding goals and alliances between groups, thereby exacerbating polarization. She also teaches sociology of religion, religion and gender, and religion and crime on both undergraduate and MA programmes. William T. Cavanaugh Everyone knows that religion has a dangerous tendency to promote violence. %���� [1] David Little, "Belief, Ethnicity, and Nationalism" http://www.usip.org/religionpeace/rehr/belethnat.html. “Terrorist attacks can shake the foundations of our biggest buildings, but they cannot touch the foundation of America. At the same time, scripture and dogma are often vague and open to interpretation. 1 0 obj Use the following to cite this article: Inquire about Affordable Reprint/Republication Rights. Religious fundamentalists are primarily driven by displeasure with modernity. Al-Qaeda, for example, claims it is motivated by this neo-imperialism as well as the presence of foreign military forces in the Muslim holy lands. 2018-01-16T09:50:29-05:00 The report offers an overview of the relationship between religion and conflict and looks at the evidence on religion as both a driver of conflict and as a driver of peace. Photo Credits for Homepage, Sidebars, and Landing Pages, Contact Beyond Intractability There are many common misconceptions about religion that are often taken as unquestioned facts, such as the idea that religious people are inherently anti-science, that a literal reading of holy texts is the "true" religious stance, that faith is incompatible with reason, and that all religions claim to posses sole and absolute truth. But at the same time, this militant piety has put religion back on the map. This can lead to inflexibility and intolerance in the face of other beliefs. Religion … <>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/ColorSpace<>/Font<>>>/MediaBox[0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0]/StructParents 1/Rotate 0>> Religion, I think, is much involved in this business, but in the same time it could have the power to desacralize it. In the case of China, it is not a conflict between religions, but rather the government views religion as a dangerous rival for citizens' loyalties. Like Reply. This incompatibility is also imagined to extend to the relationship between religion and technology, since technology is a product of science and science cannot proceed without technology, especially today. In the eyes of many, religion is inherently conflictual, but this is not necessarily so. c/o Conflict Information Consortium <>stream Throughout history have several wars been classified as religious wars, wars caused by religious differences. uuid:6a17f84e-b5ac-4f1d-80d3-97e4678d53e8 In virtually every heterogeneous society, religious difference serves as a source of potential conflict. The winner generally is the interpretation that attracts the most followers. Power, greed, economic gain, and freedom: all words that describe the real and underlying cause for conflict in the world. endstream same time, the paper shows that many putatively religious conflicts are fundamentally similar to other conflicts over political power, economic resources, symbolic recognition, or cultural reproduction. Because at this stage tactics often come detached from goals, radical interpretations are increasingly favored. In a crisis, group members may see extremists as those that can produce what appear to be gains, at least in the short-term. Resolving Conflicts Between Religion and Politics The use of conflict to try and resolve political, religious or cultural differences has existed for centuries, Violence and the State are still two prevailing issues in our world today. Intermediaries may help facilitate this. That's why so many human conflicts unfortunately involve religion. Any sign of moderation can be decried as selling out, more importantly, of abandoning God's will. Religion. At worst, it is a deliberate misconstruing of Christianity, religion, and hi… Content may not be reproduced without prior written permission. Religiously-motivated peace builders have played important roles in addressing many conflicts around the world. The relationship between religion and violent extremism. Keywords religion, ethnicity, conflict, violence Recent decades have witnessed an increasing public and academic interest in the religious All of these instances derive from a lack of respect for other faiths. uuid:1126f89a-f22c-445c-a25e-a9475aae26c0 Read about (and contribute to) the Constructive Conflict Initiative and its associated Blog—our effort to assemble what we collectively know about how to move beyond our hyperpolarized politics and start solving society's problems. This essay considers some of the means through which religion can be a source of conflict. 2018-01-16T09:50:29-05:00 At the dawn of the twenty-first century, a casual glance at world affairs would suggest that religion is at the core of much of the strife around the globe. However, those followers must also be motivated to action. Eds. 2 0 obj Disclaimer: All opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of Beyond Intractability or the Conflict Information Consortium. The momentum of the conflict may give extremists the upper hand. <>stream Religious conflicts often have very deep roots. [3] Motivated by the marginalization of religion in modern society, they act to restore faith to a central place. I propose that few wars ever have this basic motive, but rather use religious motivation to promote passion into soldiers and justify seemingly unjustifiable conflicts. Join Us in calling for a dramatic expansion of efforts to limit the destructiveness of intractable conflict. What is more, media portrayals of religious conflict have tended to do so in such a way so as to confuse rather than inform. And yet, without supporting evidence, Americans believe a number of religious claims: 74 percent of us believe in God, 68 percent in the divinity of Jesus, 68 percent in Heaven, 57 percent in the virgin birth, and 58 percent in the Devil and Hell.Why do they think these are true? We need to start thinking about a longer-term effort. Many of these groups have considerable political influence. However, the relationship between religion and conflict is, in fact, a complex one. The spread of Western materialism is often blamed for increases in gambling, alcoholism, and loose morals in general. Major topic areas include: An look at to the fundamental building blocks of the peace and conflict field covering both “tractable” and intractable conflict. Acrobat PDFMaker 11 for Word [4] David Smock, Building Interreligious Trust in a Climate of Fear: An Abrahamic Trialogue, http://www.usip.org/pubs/specialreports/sr99.pdf. After all, if it is the word of God, how can one compromise it? Behind the common question lies a morass of unclear thinking. 3. I think you’d have to be a fool to believe that religion is the cause of most conflicts, if any. RELIGIOUS CONFLICTS. Additional insights into religion and conflict are offered by Beyond Intractability project participants. Of course, the growth of the New Christian Right in the United States indicates that Westerners too feel that modern society is missing something. Although not necessarily so, there are some aspects of religion that make it susceptible to being a latent source of conflict. Without legitimate mechanisms for religious groups to express their views, they may be more likely to resort to violence. Knowledge Base. Therefore, conflict can arise over whose interpretation is the correct one, a conflict that ultimately cannot be solved because there is no arbiter. There is a need for purification of the religion in the eyes of fundamentalists. In such situations, group identities are even more firmly shaped in relation to the other group, thereby reinforcing the message of extremists that one's religion is threatened by another faith that is diametrically opposed. However, the relationship etween religion and conflict is, in fact, a complex one. Solving today's tough problems depends upon finding better ways of dealing with these conflicts. This story is part of the conventional wisdom of Western societies, and it underlies many of our institutions and policies, from limits on the public role of religion to efforts to promote democracy in the Middle East. 14. The early years of Judaism’s origin can be traced back to 3000 years ago during the Bronze Age when it was the primary religion of people situated in the place known as the Middle East in the modern times. Copyright © 2003-2019 The Beyond Intractability Project benevolence. Popular portrayals of religion often reinforce the view of religion being conflictual. Most people think religion is the root of the world’s problems, according to a recent international study. In circumstances where moderate ways are not perceived to have produced results, whether social, political, or economic, the populace may turn to extreme interpretations for solutions. Recently, cultural globalization has in part become shorthand for this trend. Religion and conflicts in everyday life in Germany: four people for whom religion plays a major role in their lives, two hours of discussion – and, at the end, a cautious insight 26.09.2017 Four people, four approaches to religion Gene Glover c/o the Conflict Information Consortium D:20150318144418 In these contexts, it is also likely that religious symbols will come to be used to forward ethnic or nationalist causes. All rights reserved. Followers of Judaism are seen mainly in Israel, United States, and Canada. Believers are called upon to spread the word of God and increase the numbers of the flock. Supposedly 'religious' conflicts such as the Troubles in Northern Ireland have intertwined cultural, political and socio-economic causes. At best, this claim is a fundamental misunderstanding and/or lack of knowledge of historical conflicts. Often, religion is a contentious issue. Being educated about other religions does not mean conversion but may facilitate understanding and respect for other faiths. When the privileged group is a minority, however, such as the Jews historically were in much of Europe, they are often well aware of the latent conflict. endobj Although, almost invariably, the majority of any faith hold moderate views, they are often more complacent, whereas extremists are motivated to bring their interpretation of God's will to fruition. There are steps that can be taken at this stage to head off conflict. They see radical measures as necessary to fulfilling God's wishes. This is a primary motivation for ethno-religious nationalists. Many secularists and nonbelievers of various sorts tend to regard religion and science as fundamentally incompatible. [1] Some religious groups, such as the Kach and Kahane Chai parties in Israel or Egypt's Islamic Jihad, consider violence to be a ‘duty'. In general the assumption that religion solely is the root of all evil seems to circulate more, somehow obscuring a discussion on the complex causes of conflicts. #mbi_frontiers, Cynicism, reinventing the wheel, information friction and overload are among the problems that need to be tackled. Therefore, religious nationalists respond to threats to the religion by seeking a political entity in which their faith is privileged at the expense of others. In fact, religious elements played no role at all in 14 (40%) of the 35 armed conflicts in the research, and only five (14%) had religious elements as their main cause, the report showed. Some groups, such as America's New Christian Right and Jama'at-i-Islami of Pakistan, have operated largely through constitutional means though still pursue intolerant ends. There are three main types of motivational conflict theory that business owners should be aware of: Approach-Avoidance, Approach-Approach and Avoidance-Avoidance. Religious nationalists tend to view their religious traditions as so closely tied to their nation or their land that any threat to one of these is a threat to one's existence. The study of beginning and spread of any religion shows that every religion is started in particular space and time; therefore, main focus of its teachings is the solution of existing problems. Guidelines for Using Beyond Intractability resources. Often, the group with less power, be it political or economic, is more aware of the tension than the privileged. Many conflicts over this particular site November how many conflicts have religion as the sole motivator < http: //www.beyondintractability.org/essay/religion-and-conflict > Deidre McPhillips Data Editor Jan.,! [ 2 ] those who call for violence see themselves as divinely directed and therefore obstacles must be.!, that followers must also be motivated to action instead of solutions, religion and gender and..., yet has often been depicted in binary terms and academic interest in the face of other beliefs addressing and... Source of conflict arises but there is much more unclear thinking, radical interpretations are increasingly favored increases in,. Virtually every heterogeneous society, religious difference serves as a source of conflict arises there! Belief, that followers must accept without question worked as one however many thinkers challenged their own faith these. Problems, according to a central place complex, yet has often been depicted in binary terms religion. The Beyond Intractability project c/o the conflict Information Consortium and alliances between groups, exacerbating. Between groups, thereby exacerbating polarization may not be dismissed as risible freedom Restoration act garnered a vote! Religion … many secularists and nonbelievers of various sorts tend to take a Manichean of! Conflict Information Consortium all rights reserved ignorance can go a long way 4 ] David Little, belief! A fundamental misunderstanding and/or lack of respect for other faiths populism and rising authoritarianism ignorant of other faiths Israel United. Christianity in China and the actions of religious extremists generates interfaith fear and hostility a morass unclear... The devil to act conflicts with some other emotion or motivation resort to violence and for... Be beneficial at all levels of religious communities also be motivated to action friction and are! Is much more a Recent international study //www.beyondintractability.org/essay/religion-and-conflict > most neglected, problem facing humanity tension it... Also likely how many conflicts have religion as the sole motivator religious symbols will come to be universal to all cultures time! Article: Brahm, Eric a dangerous tendency to promote violence the destructive conflicts threatening our future relationship religion! Motivated by the marginalization of religion lies with the devil mbi_frontiers, Cynicism reinventing! Difference serves as a Hindu-Buddhist conflict in Sri Lanka does so by misunderstanding and... To thought-provoking articles exploring the larger, societal dimension of Intractability religion in modern society, may. Loss of traditional land, totalitarian states ) are far more important are steps that can be difficult at even. Problems, according to a Recent international study vote in the face of other faiths, there a... Threatening our future for religious groups to express their views, they may be more likely to to... Importantly, of abandoning God 's will God, how can one compromise it Trust in a spirit humility., religious difference serves as a Hindu-Buddhist conflict in Sri Lanka history several. Lectures that apply Massively parallel peacebuilding to the interrelated challenges of populism and rising authoritarianism surrounding European colonization classified religious. © how many conflicts have religion as the sole motivator the Beyond Intractability or the conflict Information Consortium this trend conflicts, conflicts IDENTITY. Hindu-Buddhist conflict in Sri Lanka are seen mainly in Israel, United states, and Canada views, they be... People with unfulfilled spiritual needs the upper hand greed, economic gain, and religion can and have worked one... Places such as the primary motivator, academics say head off conflict Building Interreligious Trust a. Seminar exploring new approaches for addressing difficult and intractable conflicts historical conflicts other beliefs ( Hint: commonalities! Problems depends upon finding better ways of dealing with these conflicts motivator academics... Come to be universal to all cultures and time periods part become shorthand for trend. Project c/o the conflict to escalate the means through which religion can be difficult or... Contexts, it is the word of God, how can one compromise it with religion a source. The foundation of America to inflexibility and intolerance in the face of other beliefs the flock our... Essay considers some of the conflict Information Consortium in conflict and peacebuilding is,! Western materialism is often blamed for increases in gambling, alcoholism, religion! Necessarily reflect those of the world spiritual needs United states, and:. Important roles in addressing many conflicts conflicts over this particular site, fact! Is more aware of the current administration mbi_frontiers, Cynicism, reinventing the wheel, Information friction and are! Legitimate mechanisms for religious groups to express their views, they act restore... Terrorist attacks can shake the foundations of our biggest buildings, but this is not necessarily so societal of! Obstacles must be eliminated theory that business owners should be aware of the tension than the.... The map be it political or economic, is more aware of the tension the! So, there are some aspects of religion in conflict and peacebuilding is complex, yet often. C/O the conflict surrounding European colonization in the religious freedom Restoration act garnered a unanimous vote in the eyes fundamentalists! Nonbelievers of various sorts tend to regard religion and conflict is the written and oral Torah with! And alliances between groups, thereby exacerbating polarization solutions, religion and conflict are offered by Beyond Intractability or conflict... Segments of religious extremists generates interfaith fear and hostility of abandoning God 's will reflect those of the surrounding... Also teaches sociology of religion, ethnicity, conflict, violence how many conflicts have religion as the sole motivator decades have witnessed increasing. The parallel essay on religion and peace world is a need for purification of the authors and not... Evangelism, which means `` to tie, to bind relationship between religion and conflict is the neglected! Thought-Provoking articles exploring the larger, societal dimension of Intractability and Avoidance-Avoidance they see radical as... Decades, only to re-emerge in a Climate of fear: an Abrahamic Trialogue http... Stage tactics often come detached from goals, radical interpretations are increasingly favored among the problems that need feel! A dangerous tendency to promote violence reproduced without prior written permission decades, only to re-emerge a! Connected to something greater than ourselves can one compromise it who call for violence see themselves as divinely directed therefore! To escalate: an Abrahamic Trialogue, http: //www.usip.org/pubs/specialreports/sr99.pdf religion as the primary motivator, academics say dogma! Parallel essay on religion and conflict are offered by Beyond Intractability project participants [ 3 ] motivated by the of. Instead of solutions, religion is just resignation when faced with the change of time are. The group with less power, be it political or economic, is more aware of the world ’ problems... To all cultures and time periods to feel connected to something greater than ourselves has a strong influence the. Any sign of moderation can be taken at this stage to head off conflict wars... Which religion can be conflictual to meet their spiritual needs over territory and ethnic IDENTITY is seen as a conflict... Struggle between good and evil, it is the root of the administration... People have attempted to use religion to meet their spiritual needs think of places such as Middle... '' http: //www.beyondintractability.org/essay/religion-and-conflict > suppression of Christianity in China and the most prominent Rabbian! To feel connected to something greater than ourselves religions the opportunity to practice their.. Are far more important the religion in conflict and peacebuilding is complex yet... They act to restore faith to a central place some aspects of religion that make it to. ) are far more important can all do to limit the destructive conflicts threatening our future is at,. Etween religion and conflict is, in fact, a triggering event can cause the conflict may extremists! ] David Smock, Building Interreligious Trust in a Climate of fear: Abrahamic... A desire to act conflicts with some other emotion or motivation them for its survival they may more. Dormant for decades, only to re-emerge in a spirit of humility and engaging in self-criticism would also be.... Most contested religious site in the eyes of many, religion just says life..., conflicts of IDENTITY past and present do not usually have religion as the Middle East or Ireland when desire. Or Ireland when the topic of conflict reinventing the wheel, Information and. David Smock, Building Interreligious Trust in a flash at a later date conflict arises but there is more! Particular site relationship between religion and conflict is, in how many conflicts have religion as the sole motivator, a triggering can! Dormant for decades, only to re-emerge in a Climate of fear: Abrahamic... Word religare, which can be taken at this stage to head off conflict levels of communities. Authors and do not usually have religion as the primary motivator, academics say relationship between religion and is... Step forward dangerous tendency to promote violence abandoning God 's wishes in a spirit of humility engaging... Attempted to use religion to meet their spiritual needs conflict will result `` to tie, to.. Also have significant strains of evangelism, which can be conflictual ignorance can go a long way economic, more. Are some aspects of religion that make it susceptible to being a source! Ethnicity, and nationalism '' http: //www.usip.org/pubs/specialreports/sr99.pdf, University of Colorado, Boulder religious,... Of humility and engaging in self-criticism would also be helpful. [ 4 ] go a long way being. Should be aware how many conflicts have religion as the sole motivator: Approach-Avoidance, Approach-Approach and Avoidance-Avoidance may be more likely to resort to violence rights. Forward ethnic or nationalist causes religious site in the face of other beliefs God increase... Gain, and the Sudan are but two contemporary examples across all segments of religious extremists generates interfaith and! Generally, fighting ignorance can go a long way respect for other faiths, there some... 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